Developed in the United States in the 1970s, residential sprinklers are now used worldwide. This equipment is gradually being introduced in France, although some countries such as Wales (for new buildings), Scotland and Norway have already made it compulsory. A cousin of the so-called "standard" sprinkler, the residential sprinkler is distinguished by its fire safety objectives, which are mainly related to improving evacuation conditions. While the purpose of the classic sprinkler is to protect property and people (ERP*), the residential sprinkler is primarily intended to protect people.
There are few classic sprinklers in the home, as their use is mainly reserved for the industrial sector, large-scale distribution, logistics, etc.
Even though residential sprinklers are rarely used in France, their effectiveness has been demonstrated in establishments open to the public, particularly those with sleeping quarters**. Thus, this device is installed in EHPADs, hotels, all or part of retirement homes.